what kind of phenomena can we see in 3-D that we can't see in 2-D
(in context of magnetism and/or turbulence) ?
An analogy for the fourth dimension
We'll start from the analogy:
Planet Earth is a 3-D ball, but let's assume that we are seeing only
the phenomena in 2-D on its surface - the surface area of the sea.
If there is a wave we see that the wave is progressing forwards and
backwards and sideways, in circles that grow larger and larger
So to see and understand a wave we don't need to understand 3-D.
What do to understand 3-D for? For eddies (eddy, whirlpool, vortex).
An eddy is in direction perpendicular to the surface.
If someone only understands 2-D, he will see that the eddy has waves
that begin to go in a circle and then "disappear" which is of course
going downwards (in 3-D terms).
And from the analogy to our subject:
In the same way, according to my assumption, turbulence is a 4-D
eddy, so we can't understand it using only 3-D.
please note: by saying 4-D I mean fourth spatial dimension; I don't
mean time! If you count time as the fourth dimension, then wherever
I write 4-D (fourth dimension) please read it as 5-D (fifth
We know from Poincare's conjecture that the universe has 4
dimensions and we are on the 3-D surface of a 4-D ball. This was
proved mathematically by the genius Grigori Perelman in the years
How can this be true, if we don't see matter appearing or
disappearing (like the water that "disappear" below the surface of
the sea when they go down in the eddy)?
My answer to this is that ordinary matter can not get inside the
fourth dimension, I'll explain why soon (it has to do with the
electrical charge of our particles), but energy can enter, when it
is in the form of magnetic energy.
Why am I saying this? What is so special in magnetic energy?
Look at the other forms of energy: Gravitational field - starts at a
certain point, and works in all directions to infinity; Electric
field (there are two kinds plus and minus, but each of them) -starts
at a certain point and works in all directions until infinity.
On the other hand the magnetic field starts with a plus and attached
to it there is always a minus (which doesn't happen in the other
types of energy). So our intuition tells us that if these two
opposing poles of the magnet are always right next to each other,
then most of the energy is wasted inside the magnet going from plus
to minus inside of the magnet (where it is closest). But we know
that the magnet doesn't get warm or anything. This means that our
intuition isn't worth anything here, because we are used to 3-D.
What happens in 4-D?
Let's return to the analogy:
Let's say we have an eddy in the water. What do we know from
experience happens above the water (remember up is already in one
more dimension than the 2-D surface of the water)? What happens is a
matching and flipped eddy of the air, I'm saying flipped because the
air is not sucked into the sea (otherwise there would be a lot of
bubbles) but is instead going up away from the water level. A
creature that understands only the 2-D of the water surface cannot
predict and understand the air eddy (cyclone storm) at all and it's
mutual effect on the water, because it only focuses on looking at
the water's surface.
please note: I know that in a real cyclone storm the rotation of the
air is the cause of the rotation of the water which is the result,
and not the other way around, but it's easier for me to explain the
metaphor this way.
Now back from the analogy to the subject:
Let's assume that the magnetic energy doesn't just go from plus to
minus inside the magnet, but instead when we are creating a magnet
in our 3-D world, then an opposite magnet is automatically created
in the fourth dimension (like the eddy in the air).
The magnet in the fourth dimension is not directly "above" or
"below" (ana and kata as Charles Howard Hinton said) in 4-D, but
because of symmetry considerations it's spread around it in the
fourth dimension. It's like when somebody is (heaven forbid)
electrifies himself from the electric socket. He doesn't have to
touch both the plus and the minus of the socket in the wall, but
it's enough to touch one of them and the Earth which is a "universal
reserve" of electric charge, being that it's the biggest body we
have. So Earth can give and receive as many electrons as "needed"
and it completes the electrification.
So in our world the positive pole of the magnet throws energy into
the fourth dimension, and the magnetic energy goes in the fourth
dimension to infinity (not to the negative pole next to it).
Back to the analogy:
It's like a buoy that oscillates (sway) a little up and down on the
water, and so it creates ripples (waves) that spread around it to
all sides on the surface of the water forever.
Back from the analogy to the subject:
In the same way the negative pole of the magnet gets energy from the
infinity of the 4th dimension, and not from the positive pole that
is right next to it.
Back to the analogy:
It's like a surface that was at first static on the water surface,
but now because of the waves coming to it from different directions
it's starting to oscillate (sway) up and down.
OK so so far we only created a much more complicated model than what
we have today, and we haven't explained anything extra so that the
price of the added complication will give us some profit and will
Let's think about the connection between electricity and magnetism.
We know that when we move an electrical charge inside a conductor
(wire) we get a magnetic field. On the other hand, when we move a
conductor (wire) inside a magnetic field the magnetic charges inside
the conductor move. But why is it so?
It's similar to the buoy that we talked about. If the electric
particles are the buoy, and the magnetic energy is the sea waves, we
understand why a movement up and down (in the extra dimension) is
creating a dimension in 2-D and vice versa, why a movement in 2-D is
creating a movement of the buoy - so with an extra dimension we
explained the connection between electricity and magnetism!
Electromagnetic waves (radio waves)
Now let's think about electromagnetic waves (radio transmission for
example). When we move the electricity particles inside the
conductor back and forth fast (the wire becomes an antenna) the
direction of the magnetic field doesn't have enough time to turn
over and radio waves are created.
In the opposite direction, when radio waves reach another conductor
(another antenna) they move the electric particles inside that
conductor back and forth and we can listen to what was broadcasted
What is the analogy of radio waves in our marine metaphor?
In the common explanation the radio waves movement are similar to
the following air and water movement:
suppose there is water in the direction from north to south over a
lake; what will happen to the water? the water will form waves which
also move from north to south. now as a result of the flowing of
water from north to south, a little water which had no time to move
are pushed to the sides, towards east and towards west. What is this
small amount of water movement causing? A little movement of air
above them, also in the direction to the east and to the west. The
little movements eastwards and westwards, will create even smaller
movements north and south of their own, and so on, length and
breadth, the air and water effect one another, each time in 90
degree angle to the original movement.
We know that the electrical and magnetic field that alternately
create each other in radio transmissions are also perpendicular to
As we understand the metaphor, this mechanism loses energy (decays)
very fast, and becomes smaller and smaller movements.
Let's think of another mechanism for radio transmission.
Suppose we have an eddy (swirl) in the air, that creates an eddy
(swirl) in the water. Let's say we have another eddy in the air
created not far away from there, which rotates in the opposite
direction, and that neighbor air eddy also creates an eddy in the
water - a neighbor eddy water in that opposite direction. Let's say
the first pair of "air and water" eddies rotates clockwise, and the
second pair of eddies "air and water" are rotating
counter-clockwise. If the two eddies in the water come close to one
another, they can connect.
You can try this with the palms of your two hands. Hold your hands a
little bent in front of your chest, with the palms facing downwards.
now rotate your palms in circles, as if you are a DJ (Disc Jockey),
one hand in one direction (let's say your right hand clockwise) and
the other hand in the opposite direction (let's say your left hand
in counter clockwise direction). Your two palms are the two eddies
inside the water. now continue to rotate your hands, and at the same
time, slowly turn them towards each other (as if you want to clap
your hands). So you will see that the eddies support each other and
strengthen each other.
If the air neighboring air eddies connect between the same pairs
that were connected in the water, then we didn't do anything, we
just formed a ring. So if we have a lot of these they're just a lot
of separate rings. But what if the pairs of air eddies and water
eddies connect alternately? Then it looks like a needle that pulled
a thread in "warp and weft" form, one time above the fabric and the
next time below the fabric, and the thread is continues, which means
the eddy continues and supports itself from end all the way to the
other end which can be very far.
So I think this kind of mechanism is much more stable, and this
creates radio broadcasts. The fields are not perpendicular to one
another in 3-D but in 4-D.
Why don't we see continues storms like these in the ocean that look
like a snake that goes above and below the water back and forth?
Because they will suck energy from one another, because there is not
enough separation between them. Before you turn your palms towards
one another like you want to clap, if the hands of the DJ are
rotating each one on another record, one hand clockwise and the
other hand counter-clockwise, the air or the water between the hands
will not know where to go, and so the hands will disturb one
As opposed to this, the fourth dimension is creating the necessary
separation so that the hands will not interrupt one another. The
electrical charge can't pass (I will soon explain why, because of
the random movement of the electron which is a result of the
"Heisenberg's uncertainty principle") the barrier to the fourth
dimension, but the magnetic force of the "mirror world" does work in
the forth dimension, and what goes back and forth is in fact a sea
eddy (magnetic force of 3-D) into an air eddy (magnetic force of the
"mirror" 4-D). When there is no movement of the buoy (electrical
charge) unless we run into a buoy again (the next antenna).
This also explains why we can transmit radio waves in vacuum,
because there is no need in electrical particles. The current (the
one we use now) theory doesn't explain this, because even if we
created a magnetic field, how do we (further down the road) create
an electric field if we don't have electrical particles?
OK so this by now is a decent profit that we get from the new
theory, we explained the connection between electricity and
magnetism using the fourth dimension, and we explained radio waves
using the fourth dimension.
Now let's explain something a lot cooler which is turbulence.
First of all we notice that energy lines are clean and smooth,
except in situations of chaos like the "three body problem" which we
might explain later. But normally they are clean and smooth, and
turbulence is created where there is matter like in a river flowing
(water particles) or in air flow (air particles).
So now with the new theory we understand that turbulence doesn't
happens with just any matter particles, but with the ones who have
within them electrical charges. The electrical charges are balanced,
because within each atom or molecule there is already electrical
balance between protons and electrons, but it is important that the
atoms or molecules have within them electrical sub-particles.
So how is turbulence created?
We are going back to our marine metaphor:
Let's say we have a smooth (laminar) flow of water. but the water
particles have a tiny random motion because of the uncertainty
principle. Otherwise we would know exactly where they are. So we can
compare this to small fish that swim with the water, but also
flipping their fins and create random waves in different directions.
If only the water world existed, then even if the effect of the
small fish would combine initially ti the beginning of a small eddy,
this eddy would soon grow weak, because there isn't anything that
will hold and sustain this random effect of the little fish.
But now the fourth dimension comes into play. Remember that when
there is an eddy inside the water, there is a parallel eddy in the
air (the forth dimension) and there it has a certain persistence of
its own. So in time there form in the smooth current tiny eddies
that last longer than a split second. Some of them last long enough
to join between them into bigger eddies. This is what we see in
In my opinion if we will make a fllow of particles that don't have
within them the little fish, meaning that they don't have electrical
charge inside them, like neutrons, then we will see that their flow
isn't causing turbulence. This will be the parallel of the super
conductor of electrical energy, but here it's mechanical energy.
This is unfortunately only theoretical because outside the nucleus,
the neutron decays in beta decay and becomes a proton, an electron,
and an anti-neutrino.
But maybe there is a kind of particle which is neutral and doesn't
disintegrate, and then we can use it as the perfect hydraulic liquid
that can operate a "hydraulic press" without any resistance of its
own, or the perfect pneumatic gas that can pass huge distances for
example in a "pneumatic tube".
What is even cooler is that in my opinion these materials, which
don't have electrical inner parts that move (right, inside the
neutron lie "hidden" the proton and the electron, but they don't
move when they are inside the neutron), so they as oppose to us can
enter the fourth dimension even though they are matter!
So why don't we see neutrons when they disappear into the fourth
dimension, and we don't see neutrons appearing out of the blue (out
of thin air), from the fourth dimension?
Well guess what? We do see such a thing!
neutron lifetime puzzle
There is something called the "neutron lifetime puzzle" (or "neutron
half-life discrepancy") which says that the life expectancy of the
neutron is different in 8 seconds, depending on how you measure it.
My guess is that one of the methods create a disturbance in the
passage to the fourth dimension, and this is where the difference
When you put neutrons in a bottle and count them, neutrons live
14:39 minutes. When they pass in a ray tube (probably something like
a Crookes tube) they live 14:48 minutes, which means 8 seconds
So I think what happens is that the electrical voltage inside the
tube effect how much the neutrons can pass to and from the fourth
dimension. In the metaphor this can be for example like the
temperature of the water affects the chance that a cyclone storm
will happen. So if someone is limited to the surface of the water,
it will appear to him that there is more water when there is no
storm, because he doesn't see the water spray in the air. So if we
have voltage in the ray tube, fewer neutrons can get lost to the
fourth dimension, so we have more neutrons. So the scientists think
that the neutrons live for a longer time. Because they exist in our
what does the fourth dimension look like?
So we'll finish with thinking what does the fourth dimension look
At the very least there is a magnetosphere of a lot things that we
have here in 3-D :
But at the very most, there are things there like "neutron stars" or
if these don't last long enough then "neutrino stars" (or other
particles which are neutral and more stable) and maybe even living
creatures that live there and are made of the same material!