Holographic Guilds and Compunism
problem 1 - helplessness as economic individuals
TTC - Economics
02. Division of Labor
The Making of Economic Society
Chapter 1 - The Economic Problem:
Short of a catastrophic war, it is highly unlikely that most of us
ever will know the full meaning of the struggle for existence.
Nonetheless, even in our prosperous and secure society, there
remains, however unnoticed, an aspect of life’s precariousness, a
reminder of the underlying problem of survival. This is our
helplessness as economic individuals.
For it is a curious fact that as we leave the most primitive peoples
of the world, we find the economic insecurity of the individual many
times multiplied. The solitary Eskimo, Bushman, Indonesian, or
Nigerian peasant, left to his or her own devices, will survive a
considerable time. Living close to the soil or to his or her animal
prey, such an individual can sustain his own— more rarely, her
own—life, at least for a while, single-handedly. Communities
numbering only a few hundred can live indefinitely. Indeed, a
considerable percentage of the human race today lives in precisely
such fashion—in small, virtually self-contained peasant communities
that provide for their own survival with a minimum of contact with
the outside world. This portion of humankind may suffer great
poverty, but it also knows a certain economic independence. If it
did not, it would have been wiped out centuries ago.
When we turn to the New Yorker or the Chicagoan, on the other hand,
we are struck by exactly the opposite condition—by a prevailing ease
of material life coupled with an extreme dependence on others. We
can no longer envisage the solitary individual or the small
community surviving unaided in the great metropolitan areas where
most Americans live, unless they loot warehouses or stores for food
and necessities. The overwhelming majority of Americans has never
grown food, caught game, raised meat, ground grain into flour, or
even fashioned flour into bread. Faced with the challenge of
clothing themselves or building their own homes, they would be
hopelessly untrained and unprepared. Even to make minor repairs in
the machines that surround them, they must call on other members of
the community whose business it is to fix cars or repair plumbing,
for example. Paradoxically, perhaps, the richer the nation, the more
apparent is this inability of its average inhabitant to survive
unaided and alone.
solution 1 - holographic guilds
in addition to any person's education and job, we should train
certain groups of the population in various skills necessary for a
country to survive.
the cheapest way to do this is to set workshops with virtual reality
simulations that teach specific skills. we should make it mandatory
by law for people to practice those skills every so often in the
simulations, to keep the knowledge fresh and alive.
i think broadening their practical horizons like this can be
interesting for people, just like the "How It's Made" series on
Discovery Science, or "How Do They Do It?" on Discovery. but of
course more "hands on" in the virtual simulations.
i think in addition to survival it's more interesting and human. in
hunter gatherer tribes each person knew infinitely more. humans are
not designed to function as a tiny cog in an "assembly line" like in
the movie "Modern Times" by Charlie Chaplin.
ALL people will train in basic survival skills like basic food
production (agriculture and farming), basic first aid, basic energy
production, rescue and protection.
MOST people will train in groups of professions that are secondary
to survival like building (shelters), plumbing (sanitation),
electronics (communication), making tools clothes and furniture etc.
and also more advanced levels of the sets of skills of the previous
group. like some of the knowledge of a physician (doctor), some of
the knowledge of an electric engineer, etc.
FEW of the people will be trained to a high degree in professions
that require a lot of knowledge like scientists.
at the end we should have in each community a core of people
in each specialty that can help sustain their community in their
secondary field. like a preson can be an office clerk for a living,
but also have the knowledge of a seamstress, a nurse, and a welder,
in addition to the core training of immediate survival skills that
everybody will have.
this means that in a case of a catastrophe this community even if
half the people are dead and there is no contact with the outside
world can sustain itself for a long period given the necessary raw
we should keep a reasonable stock of raw materials, the most
multi-purpose machines, and replacement parts for any emergency.
since most of them have long shelf life it doesn't even cost us much
to put some aside, and when we need more we use the spare one from
our stockpile and resupply our emergency stock ASAP.
since machines will also be in short supply then a lot of emphasis
should go into teaching how to repair and build engines, tools, cars
and all sorts of production machines, in order to rebuild industries
that were lost.
the whole thing should be like a hologram that if you take a small
piece of it (like only one city from the whole country survived) it
contains the necessary elements to complete the whole image (like
restoring the industrial knowledge and tools for the country)
How 3D holograms work by Physics Girl
Introduction to Holography - Types of Holograms by Educational Video
problem 2 - synchronization of supply and demand
quote of Frédéric Bastiat
from his "There Are No Absolute Principles"
But if exchange does not possess a character that is peculiar to it;
if it is not governed by any natural law; if, capriciously, it be
sometimes useful and sometimes detrimental; if it does not find its
motive force in the good it accomplishes, its limit in the good
it ceases to accomplish; if its consequences cannot be estimated by
those who effect exchanges—in a word, if there be no absolute
principles, then we must proceed to weigh, balance, and regulate
transactions, we must equalize the conditions of labor, and try to
find out the average rate of profits—a colossal task, well deserving
the large emoluments and powerful influence awarded to those who
On entering Paris, which I had come to visit, I said to myself— here
are a million human beings who would all die in a short time if
provisions of every kind ceased to flow toward this great
metropolis. Imagination is baffled when it tries to appreciate the
vast multiplicity of commodities that must enter tomorrow through
the barriers in order to preserve the inhabitants from falling a
prey to the convulsions of famine, rebellion and pillage.
And yet all sleep at this moment, and their peaceful slumbers are
not disturbed for a single instant by the prospect of such a
frightful catastrophe. On the other hand, eighty departments have
been laboring today, without concert, without any mutual
understanding, for the provisioning of Paris. How does each
succeeding day bring what is wanted, nothing more, nothing less, to
so gigantic a market? What, then, is the ingenious and secret power
that governs the astonishing regularity of movements so complicated,
a regularity in which everybody has implicit faith, although
happiness and life itself are at stake? That power is an absolute
principle, the principle of freedom in transactions. We have faith
in that inward light that Providence has placed in the heart of all
men, and to which He has confided the preservation and indefinite
amelioration of our species, namely, a regard to personal
interest—since we must give it its right name—a principle so active,
so vigilant, so foreseeing, when it is free in its action. In what
situation, I would ask, would the inhabitants of Paris be if a
minister should take it into his head to substitute for this power
the combinations of his own genius, however superior we might
suppose them to be—if he thought to subject to his supreme direction
this prodigious mechanism, to hold the springs of it in his hands,
to decide by whom, or in what manner, or on what conditions,
everything needed should be produced, transported, exchanged and
consumed? Truly, there may be much suffering within the walls of
Paris—poverty, despair, perhaps starvation, causing more tears to
flow than ardent charity is able to dry up; but I affirm that it is
probable, nay, that it is certain, that the arbitrary intervention
of government would multiply infinitely those sufferings, and spread
over all our fellow-citizens those evils
which at present affect only a small number of them.
This faith, then, which we repose in a principle, when the question
relates only to our home transactions, why should we not retain when
the same principle is applied to our international transactions,
which are undoubtedly less numerous, less delicate, and less
complicated? And if it is not necessary that the municipality should
regulate our Parisian industries, weigh our chances, balance our
profits and losses, see that our circulating medium is not
exhausted, and equalize the conditions of our home labor, why should
it be necessary that the customhouse, departing from its fiscal
duties, should pretend to exercise a protective action over our
false reports to the leadership because of fear from the leadership,
are not unique to communism. this is unique to dictatorships, and we
can imagine Hitler's generals giving false positive reports of
success because they are afraid from their leader.
solution 2 - communism based on open algorithms
i think we should use a supercomputer, in fact a group of
supercomputers in different locations that backup each other, since
the whole economy relies on them. (like the USA defends the back
bone of the Internet).
IMPORTANT NOTE: WE MUST USE ALGORITHMS THAT CAN BE READ BY HUMANS. I
MEAN GOOD OLD FASHIONED AI (EXPERT SYSTEMS). WE MUST NOT USE THE AI
WE DEVELOP TODAY (NEURAL NETWORKS) !
so like Bastiat said, not minister, not even a very smart one, can
do this. because he's only human. but a super-computer can.
factories have precise amounts of how much of this and that raw
materials is needed. how many hours it takes to do this or that. at
the beginning if we don't have this data we can copy it from a
capitalistic country. after a while we will have enough data in our
"compu-nist" (a word i invented for my new suggested system, an
amalgamation of computer and communist) country to run the factories
and farms without external feedback.
ok now i will take a shortcut because i did download lectures about
economy and but it will take ages to watch them, so instead i will
assume that the much more equal and fair in theory communism is
better, and will try to solve its disadvantages.
my way to learn the bad things of communism will be to read jokes in
Wikipedia. each Russian political joke represents a widely
recognized failure in the system. otherwise the joke will not be
funny to many people. then i will group them into categories and
trying to come up with effective solutions.
killings and imprisonments of anyone that the leaders don't like
The KGB, the GIGN (or in some versions of the joke, the FBI) and the
CIA are all trying to prove they are the best at catching criminals.
The Secretary General of the UN decides to set them a test. He
releases a rabbit into a forest, and each of them has to catch it.
The CIA people go in. They place animal informants throughout the
forest. They question all plant and mineral witnesses. After three
months of extensive investigations, they conclude that the rabbit
does not exist. The GIGN (or FBI) goes in. After two weeks with no
leads they burn the forest, killing everything in it, including the
rabbit, and make no apologies: the rabbit had it coming. The KGB
goes in. They come out two hours later with a badly beaten bear. The
bear is yelling: "Okay! Okay! I'm a rabbit! I'm a rabbit!"
for example: The Great Purge (also called the Great Terror), when
Joseph Stalin anyone who was a political threat, about 1.5 million
people were arrested. out of a country of 150 million people, which
means 1 percent which is a lot. half of these people were killed!
the includes most of the political leaders, army leaders including
many generals, many intellectuals like authors, artists, scientists,
and groups that Stalin didn't like such as Polish and Jews.
here i would like to mention a story which i like very much (not
related to Russians). the real life Dracula had a cup made of gold
in the entrance to his territory, so that if a traveler is thirsty
he or she can drink. it goes without saying that no one stole the
cup, because the horrific reputation of Vlad Țepeș made it clear
that the gold is not worth the risk of being tortured to death.
the Skazanie writes of a golden cup that nobody dared to steal at a
fountain because Vlad "hated stealing so violently ... that anybody
who caused any evil or robbery ... did not live long", thereby
promoting public order...
Stalin also has very impressive achievements, like the Battle of
Stalingrad which basically was the turning point in World War 2, so
it was Stalin who defeated Hitler and not the West despite the myth
that the West created of D-Day etc.
how can we break this vicious circle: in order to get the best of
people (deter crime, defeat mighty enemy) we first have to do the
worst things to them (establish control by causing great suffering
and fear) ?
i think the answer lies in starting small literally. any notorious
gangster started as a boy who wasn't punished and saw it's worth it
to break the law. the vast majority of people are rational.
there are very few crazy criminals who will perform the crime in
spite of 100% chances of getting caught and quick and severe
punishment. almost all the career criminals do it because it's
profitable. the chances of getting caught are slim. the punishment
can be delayed a long time until the authorities investigate and
prosecute and convict, and the punishment is not that bad. so for
almost all criminals the crime is their "job".
so we need to treat crime right from the root. if a boy steals a
candy and get a mild electric shock, he will remember this and we
won't have to put him in the electric chair twenty years later after
he did something much more severe.
for this we need to bring back the religious practice known as the
but we need to make sure we are not remaking the Spanish Inquisition
by forcing out of people false confessions.
here new technology comes to our aid in using techniques like fMRI
and EEG for lie detection.
what we need is to recognize patterns which is something that you
can program a computer to do very well, and also we have the
advantage of calibrating the computer on the each person's responses
from early childhood onward.
what if the algorithm made a mistake?
the computer can check the person simultaneously with many
techniques. the computer cross references the different methods
results so the chances of mistake are very small.
the rare case that the computer got it wrong, and blamed an innocent
boy for a crime, is a risk we must take. over the course of a life
time, the criminal would accumulate a lot of punishment, and will
have to change his ways. the innocent person will rarely suffer a
punishment which accumulates to almost nothing. this is the price we
must pay for a society where there is no crime.
isn't this like "thoughtcrime" in the book 1984?
no. the government knows everything that you think, but it's not
considered a crime to think or talk against the government. by the
way thanks to the whistle-blower hero Edward Snowden, we know that
the U.S. government spies on your e-mails, phone calls, search
engine, etc. so in reality they already know everything about you
already. we are just making it formal and legal and use it for a
what prevents the ruler from setting up Gulags camps and KGB
assassins in this new proposed "compu-nism"?
what prevents it is the basic laws of the system (which are
unchangeable like a constitution). this laws don't talk about
specific technology but about the transparency and fairness of it's
for example the judgement is always public, the suspect is checked
by the machine in a public place, like today's courtroom. everybody
knows everybody's secrets. the investigators are not allowed to ask
about sexuality of pry on the person's privacy except where it's
relevant to the crime suspected. like if we investigate a case of
rape then of course there will be questions about sex. in any case
the entire investigation is in the open, and the algorithm of the
machine can also be viewed by the public.
another important key law is that the ruler also has to go through a
public investigation every short period. in this investigation we
don't allow questions that will reveal military secrets but we can
ask all the important questions like was the ruler involved in this
or that crime, did he have reason to believe that it might be
committed etc. the questions need to be refreshed the investigators
shouldn't always ask in the same way.
as time goes by the children that were brought up with the system
become adults and then we don't have in our potential "pool" leaders
who are evil.
another factor is that at least some of these measures of secret
police and disappearances in the middle of night in dictatorships
are the result of paranoia of the leader. in the new system the
leader is less afraid that someone is about to kill him so he might
be less cruel and deadly.
by the way if you are worried about the lack of privacy of the
"compu-nism", remember that in Israel in the Kibbutz system which
was also communism (and which failed not because of dictatorship but
because of the problem of "motivation and cheating" that we will
discuss soon) people also did not have much privacy, everybody knew
everything about you. true they did not "enter your head" in
criminal issues like i suggest, but these commune life get into
everything with their gossip, and their influence which is almost
like a cult. by the way the Kibbutz-style communism is considered a
very successful social experiment, it was learned all over the
world. basically it's the Kibbutz people that are responsible for
Israel's success in Israel's beginning.
errors in planning
Q: How do you deal with mice in the Kremlin?
A: Put up a sign saying "collective farm". Then half the mice will
starve, and the rest will run away.
please see: solution 2 - communism based on open algorithms.
motivation and cheating problem (the authorities pretend they are
paying wages, workers pretend they are working)
i remember how my father explained to me why communism collapsed.
it was 1990 and i was 12 years old, and every week my primary school
"Shalva" in Haifa took all the children by bus to study in "Kfar
Galim". we would study there in class "nature" which was i think
basic biology and work in a farm like growing lettuce and maybe some
other vegetables. so one day they made us pick the lettuce and i
thought that if i pick a lot of lettuce i will get all that lettuce,
so i picked and picked, and other kids were lazy and didn't work at
all. then at the end the teachers took all the lettuce and divided
it evenly between all the kids. it didn't matter if you worked a lot
or a little. when at the evening i told may father how frustrating
it was he told me: "you see? this is why communism collapsed!"
so this is a big problem. the powerful fuel in capitalism is that
people work for what is most important for them - they work for
themselves. this selfish motive is powerful and gives the person a
sense of fairness. if i work a lot i deserve a lot of money.
to solve this we need to look at traditional tribal societies that
live in small hunter gatherer groups and share everything they have.
why do they share? what incentive do they have? they have respect
from the others. the best hunter is respected by his peers and also
has more "points" with the girls. even though the meat is divided
equally between all the people of the village, this best hunter will
eat first, or maybe right after the elders, but anyway before
someone who is a less successful hunter. or he will get a better
chunk. no one will starve, all these are ways to pay the best hunter
with social points of pride and respect, so on the one hand he is
motivated to put face the hardship and danger and support the tribe,
and on the other hand we can feed everybody equally so they all have
i think we need to utilize similar sociological mechanisms in our
planned society. we should use TV and social networks to glorify the
people that do good for society and not some dumb reality contest
celebrities who didn't do anything good for society.
people don't want money for money's sake. they want the thing you
buy with it: success with the ladies, admiration of their peers,
fame and recognition. if everyone for example will live in identical
houses but their social rank reflects their efforts of how good a
provider they are, the vast majority of them will work very hard for
this social rank, because it's published and it's official and the
only way you can improve it is by working harder and smarter and
more efficiently. they also have prettier wife, symbolic VIP status
like parking closer to work or some different color uniform or
insignia. i can tell you from personal experience that when i was in
the army we all earned more or less the same but the huge difference
in status was are you in a fighter unit, and which one exactly, and
what weapons do you guys have, and do you have the "wings" of
parachuting course, and so on and so on, and people would make great
effort and risk themselves for this respect in the eyes of the girls
and in the eyes of their peers.